Texas is one of the richest states when it comes to history. It has a lot of history to offer. The student in you would want to know the rich culture surrounding this state and the great architecture behind the buildings in this place. The architectural designs of the buildings in Texas will leave your eyes in awe. In the end, you will be asking yourself how these beautiful buildings were built and kept throughout the years.
There are a lot of buildings in Texas, from skyscrapers to bungalow ones. But do you know what the oldest building standing in this lone star state is? This building was built centuries ago and is considered as one of the national treasures of Texas. This place is usually included in the itinerary of tourists visiting Texas. Keep reading to know the building that started it all and yet, still standing up to this present day.
Mission San Juan Capistrano
Mission San Juan Capistrano was founded in 1731 by the Spanish Catholics of the Franciscan Order. It is located at 901 Graf Road, San Antonio, Texas. It is one of the many missions in the whole of Texas. However, this mission is the first and the oldest. It was originally founded in east Texas, near the current city of Cushing. It was first known as Mission San Jose de los Nazonis.
The first primitive chapel was built out of brush, straw, and mud. By the year 1756, the structure had been replaced by a long, low adobe building, with a bell tower (campanile) at one end. A larger building was started in 1760, but it was never completed due to lack of financial funds.
Sadly, the mission didn’t prosper also due to lack of sufficient and. At its height, the mission owned about 1,000 head of cattle, 100 horses and some 3,500 goats, it supported about 265 neophytes. San Juan Capistrano was administered by the College of Santa Cruz de Queretaro until March 1773, when it was placed under the care of College of Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe de Zacatecas.
Renovation of the Mission
Mission San Jose Capistrano had its renovation in 2012. The budget for its renovation amounted to $2.2 million. The shifting clay soil beneath the building had caused severe cracks and falling plaster. A pier-and-beam foundation was added that extends around the perimeter and as far as 29 feet deep into the ground. This allowed buttresses placed against walls in the mid-20th century to be removed. Eggshell white color lime plaster now covers the exterior in contrast to its longstanding dark, weathered look.
The Farm at Mission San Juan
In partnership with the San Antonio Food Bank, San Antonio Missions NHP includes a living demonstration farm at Mission San Juan Capistrano. This demonstration farm is fed and shows visitors what the laborers surrounding the Mission would have looked like. To visit the farm at Mission San Juan, you need to cross the mission compound and take the trail to the southwest of the mission.